In this paper the phenomenon of home is explored via some phenomenological writings of Heidegger, Bollnow, Bachelard and Levinas. Common in their views is that being at house and dwelling imply one thing more fundamental than an exercise we do together with other activities, corresponding to working and travelling. Dwelling, constructing a house and being at house are basic features of human existence. While exploring the relevance of this phenomenological perspective for medical principle and follow, the focus is on the care of people suffering from dementia.
Many individuals affected by dementia do not stay in their own house, but in a home for the aged, a nursing home, or a psychiatric institution. Care given to these people should give attention to making them feel at home in a homelike â€œsurrogate house.â€ Bachelardâ€™s very concrete phenomenology can play a job right here. The structure of such a surrogate residence can contribute considerably to the nicely-being of its inhabitants. It is argued that architects of nursing homes for individuals with Alzheimerâ€™s illness should keep in mind the wants of patients and their caregivers more carefully (Bermann 2003).
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