Using your debt to income ratio or DTI to get a home loan should be done with care as not only your eligibility for the loan but also the amount that you can borrow will depend on the health of your debt to income ratio. Two types of DTI are considered in the financial market. The Front End Ratio, which is also known as a household ratio, is the monetary amount of all your expenses related directly to your home. This includes your property tax, insurance, fees to the homeowners association along with the desired monthly mortgage you wish to take. All such expense taken together is divided by your gross monthly income.
Back End Ratio
The second type of DTI is the Back End ratio that takes into account all the other debts that you currently have. This may include your student loan, auto loan, credit card debt, personal loan and others. It will also include your proposed household expenditure along with it. Since all such expenses and other debts are included in this method of calculation, Back End ratio is slightly higher than its other counterpart. It is at the discretion of the banks and all financial organizations as to which one they will take into consideration to calculate your eligibility and affordability.
The Better One
Both the types of DTI ratio is considered by the lenders, but usually, the Back End Ratio often holds more ground and seems feasible as it takes into account your entire debt load. For any conventional mortgage loans, online mortgage loans that are offered by lenders and banks focus on Back End Ratio more. It might not be the case with the government programs. The favorable limit for Front End DTI ratio is below 28%, and that of the Back End DTI ratio is below 36%, depending on the set standards of the state.
The Lenders Limits
The DTI ratios help the lenders to fix the amount that you should get and they think will be suitable for you to pay back in the given period with interest. For any non-conventional loan for mortgage lenders may look at both the types of loans. The limit in such cases is also higher than conventional mortgage loans which may be 43 % for Back End and 31 % for Front End DTI ratio. Ideally, you should aim to keep your DTI as low as possible irrespective of what the limit is set by the lenders.
Think Beyond The Ratio
You should think beyond the DTI ratio only. When you keep the ratio as low as possible, it will help your credit score which in turn will lower the rate of interest on your mortgage. But when you intend to take a mortgage loan, you should also think all your household expenses like utility bills, food bills, health insurance, travel and much more. Will you be able to meet the obligations of the new loan is the bigger question. Remember that DTI is calculated before taxes and therefore it is ideal to keep it low to be able to pay off the loan.
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