Ducting for air conditioning is usually used for the installation of central air conditioning or air conditioning Duct Split. Central air conditioning is usually reserved for the installation of air conditioning in a building that does not have its own temperature control (eg, per room). All controlled at one point and then air of coldness is distributed by pipeline to the rooms. Central air conditioning which can be done only shrink and enlarge the holes where cold air conditioning went into our room. Examples of AC Central is in the mall or homes.
While the ducting for air conditioning systems, or also popular as “Air Handling System”, is an important part of the air conditioning system as a conductor of the conditioned air from the source of cold or heat to the room to be conditioned. The development of the design of ducting for air conditioning until today are highly influenced by the demands of efficiency, especially energy efficiency, material, space usage, and maintenance from air duct cleaning Phoenix.
The function of the ducting is to distribute the air inside the building there is a wide range of ducting in use, functions as a supply of cold air into the room that is conditioned (water supply), ducting which serves as a supply of outside air (fresh air) and there is also ducting serves to discard the air from the inside to the outside (exhaust air) physically forms ducting water supply is insulated as to maintain the cold air that is distributed is not wasted, while for ducting fresh air and exhaust air is not using insulation, a layer of insulation include: glasswool, aluminum Foil, Spindle pin / fastener / strap / flinkote. As for the layer near the air conditioning unit Indoor ducting (for Split AC system) is usually the inside using glasswool and glassclotch, to muffle the noise coming from the unit. Materials used for ducting itself assortment, there is made of PVC material, mild steel, steel zinc coated, PU (Polyurethane), for ducting made of PU material does not need to use the outer layer as the layers are readily available from the manufacturer just to are contained inside layer near the unit using glassclotch.
In addition to efficiency, there is also demand comfort (including health and safety) for the user. Therefore, in the ducting design also includes the design for the needs of ventilation, filtration and humidity. Each type of ducting system has benefits for a specific application. A type of system that is commonly used may be more efficient when used for a particular application that is unique. When this has been developed various types of ducting system, and this will continue to evolve to meet the needs of the emergence of new applications. In a ducting design to a particular building, it may be some type used to meet individual needs.
In addition to the cost of installation, operational efficiency and the ducting system should be a paramount concern. Previously, when the price of energy, material and space is not too into consideration, ducting design is not too have many restrictions. One example in terms of energy is to start Variable Air Volume system popular in the 1970s, especially since the Arab oil embargo in 1973-1974 that forced the entire industry to upgrade energy efficiency. Since that time a trend towards the replacement of the system of Constant Variable Air Volume Air Volume. In terms of material usage is very clear, that the greater use of the material, the greater the cost of installation, and even treatment systems.
In terms of space usage, this time whatever space is very valuable, so there is a reduction in the design of buildings high ceiling, is also high between floors, which in the past it has not been too much of a concern. Various considerations often led to a clash in designing ducting system. Eg energy versus space considerations. Ceiling height reduction will lead to higher air pressure is required in ducting, which means higher energy requirements. But this time there is a tendency to give priority to energy efficiency and environmental sustainability. Even some countries make regulations directing designers, developers, and users on it. Of course, this is a challenge and a great opportunity for designers to determine the combination of the right type of ducting system, or even innovation.